Hepatomegaly is swelling of the liver beyond its normal size.
If both the liver and spleen are enlarged, it is called hepatosplenomegaly.
Hepatosplenomegaly; Enlarged liver; Liver enlargement
The lower edge of the liver normally comes just to the lower edge of the ribs on the right side. The edge of the liver is normally thin and firm. It cannot be felt with the fingertips below the edge of the ribs, except when you take a deep breath. It may be enlarged if a health care provider can feel it in this area.
The liver is involved in many of the body's functions. It is affected by many conditions that can cause hepatomegaly, including:
This condition is usually discovered by a health care provider. You may not be aware of the liver or spleen swelling.
The doctor will examine you and ask questions such as:
Tests to determine the cause of hepatomegaly vary, depending on the suspected cause, but may include:
Martin P. Approach to the patient with liver disease. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. . 24th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 148.
Liver fattening, CT scan
Liver with disproportional fattening, CT scan