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Mastoidectomy

Definition

A mastoidectomy is surgery to remove cells in the hollow, air-filled spaces in the skull behind the ear. These cells are called mastoid air cells.

Description

The surgery used to be a common way to treat an infection in the mastoid air cells. Such infection usually resulted from an ear infection that spread to the nearby bone in the skull.

Why the Procedure Is Performed

Mastoidectomy may be used to treat:

Risks

  • Changes in taste
  • Dizziness
  • Hearing loss
  • Infection that persists or keeps returning
  • Noises in the ear (tinnitus )
  • Weakness of the face

After the Procedure

Outlook (Prognosis)

References

Lambert PR. Mastoidectomy. In: Cummings CW, Flint PW, Haughey BH, et al, eds. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2010:chap 142.

Chole RA, Sudhoff HH. Chronic otitis media, mastoiditis, and petrositis. In: Flint PW, Haughey BH, Lund LJ, et al, eds. . 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2010:chap 139.

Encyclopedia content is provided as information only and not intended to replace the advice and instruction from your personal physician.