Search

Bile

Definition

Bile is a fluid that is made and released by the liver and stored in the gallbladder.

Bile helps with digestion. It break down fats into fatty acids, which can be taken into the body by the digestive tract.

Bile contains mostly cholesterol, bile acids (also called bile salts), and bilirubin  (a breakdown product of red blood cells). It also contains:

  • Water
  • Body salts (potassium and sodium)
  • Copper and other metals

Information

References

Afdhal NH. Diseases of the gallbladder and bile ducts. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. . 24th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 158.

Encyclopedia content is provided as information only and not intended to replace the advice and instruction from your personal physician.