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Adrenal glands

Definition

Adrenal glands are triangle-shaped glands located on top of the kidneys.

The outer part of the adrenal gland is called the cortex and produces steroid hormones such as cortisol , aldosterone , and testosterone . The inner part of the adrenal gland is called the medulla and produces epinephrine and norepinephrine , which are commonly called adrenaline and noradrenaline.

When the glands produce more or less hormones than your body needs, you can become sick.

Information

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References

Parker KL, Rainey WE. The adrenal glands. In: Griffin JE, Ojeda SR, eds. New York: Oxford University Press; 2004:319-348.

Encyclopedia content is provided as information only and not intended to replace the advice and instruction from your personal physician.