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Muscle strain treatment

Alternative Names

Treatment - muscle strain

Information

Question:

How do you treat a muscle strain ?

Answer:

Rest the strained muscle and apply ice for the first few days after the injury. Anti-inflammatory medicines or acetaminophen (Tylenol) also help reduce pain and swelling. As the pain decreases, you can use heat on the muscle. Stretching and light exercises to bring blood to the injured area can also be useful.

Get medical help right away if:

  • You have a lot of swelling with the muscle strain.
  • You can't move your arms, legs, or joints.

References

Brinker MR, O’Connor DP, Almekinders LC, et al. Physiology of Injury to Musculoskeletal Structures: 1. Muscle and Tendon Injury. In: DeLee JC, Drez D Jr, Miller MD, eds. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2009:chap 1, section A.

Biundo JJ. Bursitis, tendinitis, and other periarticular disorders and sports medicine. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. 24th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 271.

Encyclopedia content is provided as information only and not intended to replace the advice and instruction from your personal physician.