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Lacrimal gland tumor

Definition

A lacrimal gland tumor is a tumor in the glands that produce tears. These glands are located under the outer part of each eyebrow. Lacrimal gland tumors can be harmless (benign ) or cancerous (malignant ). About half of lacrimal gland tumors are benign.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Symptoms

  • Double vision
  • Fullness in one eyelid or the side of the face
  • Pain

Signs and tests

You may first be examined by an eye doctor (ophthalmologist). You may then be evaluated by a head and neck doctor (otolaryngologist, or ENT), or a doctor who specializes in problems with the bony eye socket (orbit).

Tests usually include a CT or MRI scan .

Treatment

Most lacrimal gland tumors will need to be removed with surgery. Cancerous tumors may need other treatment too, such as radiation or chemotherapy.

Support Groups

Expectations (prognosis)

The outlook is generally excellent for noncancerous growths. The outlook for cancer depends on the type of cancer and stage at which it is discovered.

Complications

Calling your health care provider

Prevention

References

Hayek B, Esmali B. Lacrimal gland tumors. In: Tasman W, Jaeger EA, eds. . 15th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2009:chap 40.

Katz SE, Rootman J, Goldberg RA. Secondary and metastatic tumors of the orbit. In: Tasman W, Jaeger EA, eds. . 15th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2009:chap 46.

Karcioglu ZA, Haik BG. Eye, orbit, and adnexal structures. In: Abeloff MD, Armitage JO, Niederhuber JE, Kastan MB, McKena WG, eds. . 4th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Elsevier Churchill Livingstone; 2008:chap 71.

Yanoff M, Cameron D. Diseases of the visual system. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. . 24th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 431.

Encyclopedia content is provided as information only and not intended to replace the advice and instruction from your personal physician.