Search

Epstein pearls

Definition

Epstein pearls are whitish-yellow cysts that form on the gums and roof of the mouth in a newborn baby.

A similar kind of skin problem in babies is milia .

Alternative Names

Gingival cysts of the newborn

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Epstein pearls occur only in the newborn and are very common. They are seen in approximately 80% of newborns.

Symptoms

Whitish-yellow nodules appear on the gums or the roof of the mouth in a newborn. They sometimes look like emerging teeth.

Signs and tests

Examination of the infant confirms that these are Epstein pearls and not teeth present at birth (natal teeth ).

Treatment

No treatment is necessary. The condition is harmless.

Support Groups

Expectations (prognosis)

Epstein pearls disappear within 1 to 2 weeks of birth.

Calling your health care provider

If you are concerned about Epstein pearls in your infant, discuss it with your health care provider during a routine well-baby examination .

Prevention

References

Hellstein JW. Odontogenesis, odontogenic cysts, and odontogenic tumors. In: Cummings CW, Flint PW, Haughey BH, et al, eds. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2010:chap 93.

Media

    Encyclopedia content is provided as information only and not intended to replace the advice and instruction from your personal physician.