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Organic brain syndrome

Definition

Organic brain syndrome (OBS) is a general term used to describe decreased mental function due to a medical disease, other than a psychiatric illness. It is often used synonymously (but incorrectly) with dementia .

Alternative Names

OBS; Organic mental disorder (OMS); Chronic organic brain syndrome

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Disorders associated with OBS include:

  • Brain injury caused by trauma
  • Breathing conditions
  • Cardiovascular disorders
  • Degenerative disorders
  • Dementia due to metabolic causes
  • Drug and alcohol-related conditions
  • Infections
  • Other medical disorders

Other conditions that may mimic organic brain syndrome include:

Symptoms

Symptoms can differ based on the disease. In general, organic brain syndromes cause:

Signs and tests

Tests depend on the disorder, but may include:

Treatment

Treatment depends on the disorder. Many of the disorders are treated mainly with rehabilitation and supportive care to assist the person in areas where brain function is lost.

Medications may be needed to reduce aggressive behaviors that can occur with some of the conditions.

Support Groups

Expectations (prognosis)

See the specific disorder. Some disorders are short-term and treatable, but many are long-term or get worse over time.

Complications

People with OBS often lose the ability to interact with others or function on their own.

Calling your health care provider

Call your health care provider if:

  • You have been diagnosed with organic brain syndrome and you are uncertain about the exact disorder.
  • You have symptoms of this condition.
  • You have been diagnosed with OBS and your symptoms become worse.

Prevention

References

Knopman DS. Alzheimer's disease and other dementias. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. . 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 425.

Media

Encyclopedia content is provided as information only and not intended to replace the advice and instruction from your personal physician.