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Macroamylasemia

Definition

Macroamylasemia is the presence of an abnormal substance called macroamylase in the blood.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Macroamylase is a substance that consists of an enzyme , called amylase, attached to a protein. Because it is large, macroamylase is filtered very slowly from the blood by the kidneys.

Most people with macroamylasemia do not have a serious disease that is causing it, but the condition has been associated with:

Symptoms

Macroamylasemia does not cause symptoms.

Signs and tests

A blood test will show high levels of amylase. However, macroamylasemia can look similar to acute pancreatitis , which also causes high levels of amylase in the blood.

Measuring amylase levels in the urine can help tell macroamylasemia apart from acute pancreatitis. Urine levels of amylase are low in people with macroamylasemia, but high in patients with acute pancreatitis.

Treatment

Support Groups

Expectations (prognosis)

Complications

Calling your health care provider

Prevention

References

Forsmark CE. Pancreatitis. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. . 24th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 146.

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