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Gumma

Definition

A gumma is a soft, tumor-like growth of the tissues (granuloma) that occurs in people with syphillis.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

A gumma is caused by the bacteria that causes syphilis . It appears during late-stage tertiary syphilis. It usually contains a mass of dead and swollen fiber-like tissue, and occurs most often in the liver. It also can occur in the:

Similar-looking sores sometimes occur with tuberculosis .

Symptoms

Signs and tests

Treatment

Support Groups

Expectations (prognosis)

Complications

Calling your health care provider

Prevention

References

Tramont EC, Treponema pallidum (Syphilis). In: Mandell GL, Bennett JE, Dolin R, eds. . 7th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Elsevier Churchill Livingstone; 2009:chap 238.

Workowski KA, Berman S; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Sexually transmitted diseases treatment guidelines, 2010. . 2010 Dec 17;59(RR-12):1-110.

Eckert LO, Lentz GM. Infections of the lower genital tract: Vulva, vagina, cervix, toxic shock syndrome, HIV infections. In: Katz VL, Lentz GM, Lobo RA, Gershenson DM, eds. Comprehensive Gynecology. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2007:chap 22.

Encyclopedia content is provided as information only and not intended to replace the advice and instruction from your personal physician.