Pellagra is a disease that occurs when a person does not get enough niacin (one of the B complex vitamins) or tryptophan (an amino acid).
Vitamin B3 deficiency; Deficiency - niacin
Pellagra is caused by having too little niacin or tryptophan in the diet. It can also occur if the body fails to absorb these nutrients. It may develop after gastrointestinal diseases or with alcoholism.
The disease is common in parts of the world where people have a lot of corn in their diet.
Symptoms of pellagra include:
So YT, Simon RP. Deficiency diseases of the nervous system. In: Daroff RB, Fenichel GM, Jankovic J, Mazziotta JC, eds. . 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2012:chap 57.
Kumar N. Neurologic presentation of nutritional deficiencies. . 2010;28:107-170.
Vitamin B3 deficit