Search

Apoplexy

Definition

Apoplexy is bleeding into an organ or loss of blood flow to an organ. For example, adrenal apoplexy is bleeding into the adrenal glands , pituitary apoplexy is bleeding into the pituitary gland, and so on.

When the word apoplexy (with no organ specified) is used alone, it often refers to stroke symptoms that occur suddenly. Such symptoms can be caused by bleeding into the brain or by a blood clot in a brain blood vessel. Conditions such as subarachnoid hemorrhage or stroke are sometimes called apoplexy.

Functional apoplexy is when a person appears to be having stroke-like symptoms but there is no brain abnormality.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Symptoms

Signs and tests

Treatment

Support Groups

Expectations (prognosis)

Complications

Calling your health care provider

Prevention

References

Zivin JA. Approach to cerebrovascular disease. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. . 24th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 413.

Zull D. Thyroid and adrenal disorders. In: Marx JA, Hockberger RS, Walls RM, et al, eds. . 7th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2009:chap 126.

Encyclopedia content is provided as information only and not intended to replace the advice and instruction from your personal physician.