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CPR

Definition

CPR stands for cardiopulmonary resuscitation. It is an emergency lifesaving procedure that is done when someone's breathing or heartbeat has stopped. This may happen after an electric shock , heart attack, or drowning.

CPR combines rescue breathing and chest compressions.

  • Rescue breathing provides oxygen to the person's lungs.
  • Chest compressions keep oxygen-rich blood flowing until the heartbeat and breathing can be restored.

Permanent brain damage or death can occur within minutes if blood flow stops. Therefore, it is very important that blood flow and breathing be continued until trained medical help arrives.

CPR techniques vary slightly depending on the age or size of the patient. The newest techniques emphasize compression over rescue breathing and airway, reversing long-standing practice.

See also:

Alternative Names

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation

Considerations

Causes

Symptoms

First Aid

Do Not

Call immediately for emergency medical assistance if

Prevention

References

Hazinski MF, Samson R, Schexnayder S. . American Heart Association; 2010.

Media

    Encyclopedia content is provided as information only and not intended to replace the advice and instruction from your personal physician.